Spring has finally arrived: the sun, the days outdoors, the trees in bloom. "Flowering trees", which together with spring, bring pollen allergies with them.
Spring is the period in which allergic people must begin to use precautions not only while they are outdoors but also at home, since pollen can also enter the home environment.
What are pollen and how they are formed
Between April and May the allergy period reaches its maximum intensity coinciding with the flowering period of certain plants.
Respiratory allergy is caused by the individual's awareness of pollen. Most of the Italian population is allergic to grasses or composites.
Environmental pollution helps to increase the intensity of awareness.
But what are pollen?
Pollen are the male reproductive cells of plants, which are released into the air during the flowering period to fertilize other plants of the same species.
Allergens present in pollen trigger an inflammatory reaction that causes symptoms such as swelling, stuffy nose and red eyes.
However, the allergic reaction occurs when there is a certain amount of pollen present in the air, so until a certain threshold is exceeded The concentration of pollen in the air varies according to climatic factors. For example, a dry climate increases the production of pollen, and the wind causes a greater dispersion of pollen into the air.
What are the symptoms of pollen allergy?
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis are very similar to seasonal flu.
Most people experience airway congestion, red eyes, general malaise, fatigue, headache, etc.
Being able to distinguish allergy from the common cold is important to take the right treatment. If the symptoms are prolonged, it is good to consult a doctor, since the allergy is seasonal. An allergist will be able to identify the plants we are allergic to through skin tests, or through blood tests.
Many people experience profound discomfort during this period, since the symptoms of allergy are often so intense that they do not allow them to face daily life peacefully.
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